Quantum computer systems are getting bigger and bigger, but there are still some reasonable methods to benefit from their further computational power. To overcome this obstacle, researchers are designing algorithms to easily convert from classical to quantum computer systems. In a brand new study in the journal Nature, researchers have revealed an algorithm that reduces statistical errors, or noise, created by quantum bits, or qubits, in chemical equations. crunchy learning.

Developed by Columbia chemistry professor David Reichman and postdoc Joonho Lee along with researchers at Google Quantum AI, the algorithm uses up to 16 qubits on Sycamore, Google’s 53-qubit laptop, to compute the work. floor state energy, the bottom energy state of a molecule. “These are the most important quantum chemical calculations ever achieved on an actual quantum system,” Reichman said.

Lee mentions that the ability to accurately calculate floor state capacities will allow chemists to develop new supplies, who could also be a researcher at Google Quantum AI. The algorithm can be used to design supplies to rapidly accelerate nitrogen fixation for agriculture and hydrolysis to generate clear electricity, among various sustainability goals, he mentioned.

The algorithm uses quantum Monte Carlo, a system of strategies to compute the probabilities when there are lots of random, unknown variables at play, much like the game of roulette. Right here, the researchers used their algorithm to find the bottom state strength of three molecules: heliocide (H4), which used eight qubits to calculate; molecular nitrogen (N2), using 12 qubits; and strong diamond, using 16 qubits.

The laminar power is influenced by variables such as due to the variety of electrons in the molecule, the process by which they rotate, and the paths they take when orbiting the nucleus. This digital power is encoded in the Schrodinger equation. Correcting the equation on a classical notebook becomes exponentially more stable as the molecules get larger, although answer estimation strategies have made this approach simpler. How quantum computing systems can circumvent the drawback of exponential scaling is an open query in this topic.

In other words, quantum computer systems must be able to handle exponentially larger and more advanced calculations, like those that want to solve the Schrodinger equation, as a result of qubits making them benefit from quantum states. Unlike binary digits, or bits, which are made up of units and zeros, qubits can exist in two states simultaneously. However, qubits are fragile and error-prone: the more qubits are used, the less correct the final answer will be. Lee’s algorithm harnesses the mixed energies of classical and quantum computer systems to solve chemical equations extremely efficiently while minimizing the errors of quantum laptops.

“It’s the best of each world,” Lee said. “We’ve leveraged the tools we already have in addition to what might be considered the most advanced tools in quantum data science to refine the chemistry of quantum computation.”

A classic laptop can handle most of Lee’s Monte Carlo quantum simulations. Sycamore jumps into the final, most computationally advanced step: computing the overlap between an active test wave — a guess about the mathematical description of bottom state power that can be made by a computer quantum portable — and an active sample wave, as part of Monte Carlo’s statistics course. This overlap provides a set of constraints, often referred to as boundary situations, for Monte Carlo sampling, which ensures the statistical efficiency of the calculation (for more details on the math, see Lee’s webinar).

The previous report on floor-state power fixation used 12 qubits and an approach known as a variable quantum decoder, or VQE. However, VQE omitted the result of the interacting electrons, an important variable in the calculation of the floor-state power that Lee’s Monte Carlo quantum algorithm currently includes. Lee mentions that including digital correlation strategies from traditional computer systems could assist chemists in dealing with larger molecules.

The hybrid quantum-classical calculations in this new work have been found to be as true as some of the best classical strategies. This means that problems can be solved extremely accurately and/or quickly with a quantum laptop rather than without – an important milestone for Quantum Computation. Lee and his colleagues will work on tweaking their algorithm to make it more environmentally friendly, while engineers work to create higher quantum {hardware}.

“The feasibility of fixing larger and more difficult chemical problems will only improve over time,” Lee said. “This gives us hope that applied quantum science may be under development that could be mostly useful.”

Reference: “Unbiasing Fermionic Quantum Monte Carlo with a Quantum Pc” by William J. Huggins, Bryan A. O’Gorman, Nicholas C. Rubin, David R. Reichman, Ryan Babbush and Joonho Lee, March 16, 2022, Nature.

DOI: 10.1038 / s41586-021-04351-z