Technical researchers from North Carolina State College demonstrated an entirely new type of flexible robotic gripper that could carry delicate egg yolks without breaking them, and could be precise enough to clip a human hair. This work has functions for each branch of robotics and biomedical sciences.
The work draws attention to the kirigami paper folding artwork, which consists of slices and folds of two-dimensional (2D) fabrics to create three-dimensional (3D) shapes. In particular, the researchers have developed a completely new method that involves using kirigami to turn 2D sheets into curved 3D structures by cutting parallel slots in multiple sheets of fabric. The final appearance of the 3D construction is largely determined by the outer boundary of the canvas. For example, a 2D material with a rounded border will import a spherical 3D shape.
“We have now sketched and demonstrated a dummy that allows the client to work in reverse,” said Yaoye Hong, who first created the paper on the work and has a PhD. scholar at NC State. “If a customer knows what kind of curved, 3D construction they want, they will use our method to figure out what boundary and slit pattern they should use in the 2D material. And the ultimate management of structure addition is made possible by controlling the path in which the fabric is pushed or pulled. “
“Our method is a little less complicated than previous strategies for changing 2D supplies into curved 3D constructions, and it allows designers to create all kinds of personalized constructions. humanization from 2D supplies,” said Jie Yin, the paper’s respective creator and an affiliate, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at NC State.
The researchers demonstrated the utility of this method by creating tongs that can grasp and lift objects starting from egg yolks to human hair.
“We have demonstrated that our method can be used to create tools that can be greedy and transfer extremely fragile objects,” says Yin.
“Standardists have a firm grip on an object — they capture problems by stressing them out,” says Yin. “That can cause problems when trying to grip fragile objects, the equivalent of egg yolks. However, our clamp mainly consists of an object that is then carried – the same way we rotate an object with our fingers. This allows us to ‘grab’ and transfer even delicate objects, with great precision. “
However, the researchers suggest that there are many different potential functions, comparable to using this approach to design biomedical sciences tailored to the type of joint – like the knee. of human.
“Consider good bandages or tracking devices that can bend and shift along with your knee or elbow,” says Yin.
“It’s proof-of-concept that shows our method works,” Yin said. “We are now part of a strategy to integrate this system into robotics science to deal with industrial challenges. We are also exploring how this system could very well be used to create devices that could very well be used to apply heat to the human knee, which could have a therapeutic function.
“We are ready to work with business companions to explore additional functionalities and find ways to take this approach from the lab to proper use.”
Reference: “Curvation Guided Programmable Shaped Kirigami Papers” by Yaoye Hong, Yinding Chi, Shuang Wu, Yanbin Li, Yong Zhu and Jie Yin, January 26, 2022, Nature Communications .
DOI: 10.1038 / s41467-022-28187-x
The paper will be published in Nature Communications on January 26. This paper is co-authored by Yong Zhu, Andrew A. Adams Distinguished Professor of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering at NC State; and Yinding Chi, Shuang Wu, Yanbin Li, all PhDs. college student at NC State. The work was achieved with support from the National Science Foundation under grants 2005374 and 2013993.
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